Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (aka “Deep Learning”) are actually quite different technologies, but they address roughly the same opportunity in learning. AI is the vision of creating a stand-alone processing capacity with dimensions of human intelligence, in science fiction approaching a “singularity” when a machine becomes more intelligent than any person. By contrast, Machine Learning refers to enabling a computer to ‘watch’ any complex system long enough to model original ways to very successfully engage with it (for example, this is how a computer recently learned how to beat the best human players of “Go”). Machine Learning is therefore about data and analysis, rather than artificial intelligence.
If Google was simply an ability to find things, a much bigger transformation will happen as machines are able to understand and even act upon knowledge and information that can be found, or are able to act in tandem with human learners and human learning processes.